Fashion Glossary | Devi's Closet | 1888-991-DEVI

Fashion Glossary

SARI: Sari/ Saree the traditional garment worn by women in India. It is a single piece of material measuring 6 -9 yards in length and is worn draped around the body over a choli or blouse. The sari can be worn in a variety of ways and comes in various colors and fabrics such as silk, cotton, crepe, chiffon and georgette

PETTICOAT: Ankle length undergarment worn with a sari. Sari petticoats usually match the color of the sari and are made of satin or cotton. 

SALWAR KAMEEZ: A baggy style of paijama tapered at the ankle worn mainly in the Punjab,

SHERWANI: A formal knee-length coat fitted to the waist for men.

KURTA: A loose, stitched garment worn by men and women, most commonly described as a tunic.

LENGHA: Lengha/choli is a long skirt and blouse combination along with a dupdatta. It is a traditional garment from India worn by women at weddings, sangeet, mehendi, garba, and other special occasions.

EMBROIDERY: The art of working raised and ornamental designs usually done by hand in threads of silk, cotton, silver, gold on a sari, dress or salwar kameez or a dupatta/ scarf.

ZARI: Zari (or Jari) is an even thread traditionally made of fine gold or silver used in traditional Indian, Pakistani and Persian garments, especially as brocade in saris etc. This thread is woven into fabrics, primarily made of silk to create intricate patterns. Traditional textile weaving in Iran (Persia) have long tradition of Zari, especially in Zardozi embroidery. It is believed this tradition started during the Mughal era. Today, in most fabrics, zari is not made of real gold and silver, but has cotton or polyester yarn at its core, wrapped by golden/silver metallic yarn. Zari is the main material in most silk sarees and lengha.

ZARDOSI: Zardosi is a very famous kind of an embroidery done on fabrics with the help of golden, silver and multicolored metal threads. It is an ancient Persian art form dating back before the Mughal Empire. The use of metal embroidery in Indian textiles and costumes, especially the ones used for special occasions or ceremonial purposes, demonstrate the importance of gold and silver within the culture.

MOTIF: Means “a plant,” it is a floral motif, derived from Persian sources. Buta is used in Indian textile design and traditionally rendered as a flowering plant with a curling bud at the top. The motif is also sometimes reduced to a floral pattern designed within the form of the plant.

BEAD: A small decorative object made of glass, stone, metal, or similar material, typically rounded and pierced for threading together or sewing onto fabric.

GOTA: Embroidery work which involves placing strips of gold or silver zari or other colored ribbons to create elaborate pattern or weaves.

SWAROVSKI CRYSTAL: Precisely cut crystal beads used for various types of luxury goods and manufactured by the Swarovski company of Austria. 

LUREX: The brand name for a type of yarn or fabric that incorporates metallic thread. 

SILK: Silk has always been a very traditional fabric. The biggest advantage of silk saree is that they can be treasured for years. Silk coutures are usually vibrant in color edged with heavy borders and pallavs. Silk plays an important role in Indian weddings, festivals and other celebrations. Not only this, but these vibrant, traditional silk dresses can also be used as a beautiful wall hanging or curtains. Silk usually worn as an evening wear in winters. It is a formal delicate fabric which needs high maintenance. It is a soft fabric which is good for skinny people. Silk is basically strong and absorbent and holds in body heat. It has good affinity for dyes but may blend. Silk is wrinkle resistant which resist mildew and moths and are weakened by sunlight and perception. Silk is luxurious, lustrous fabric comes in many weights used for dresses, suits, blouses and linings. Silk is usually dry cleaned and if washable usually done by hand in mild sued. They should be ironed at low temperature settings. Bleaching should always be avoided.

ART SILK: Art silk is basically a type of viscose fabric which is dressy and shinny and proves to be a good drape. Art silk is lustre and is soft to touch. It is a perfect evening wear.

COTTON: Cotton fabrics are known for their transparency and crisp muslin-like finish, a joy to wear on a hot day. The lightness of the cloth, combined with wide and silky threadwork borders and elaborate pallus with supplementary ornamental threadwork, give the couture its unique evenness of drape. The biggest advantage of cotton is that it is weightless and airy, giving a comfortable feel. Cotton looks best when starched properly. The wearer looks best in these crisp starched cotton sarees in spring, yet basically cotton is a summer fabric. It is a skin-friendly, breathable fabric which can become crushed. Cotton looks very ethnic at formal business occasions or formal meetings. Many thin people choose cotton as it gives the wearer a fuller look. Cotton is strong even when wet. It is absorbent, and draws heat from the body. It has a good affinity for dyes, but may shrink unless treated well. Like any fabric, cotton is weakened by sunlight. Most cotton can be laundered. It is advisable to wash colorfast ones in hot water and others in cold water. Always iron while damp. Cottons can be washed at home or at a laundry, depending on how often they are worn. Expensive cottons should be dry cleaned. Some colors, like turquoise blue, shocking pink and black always bleed, and require special precautions when washed at home. Starch can reduce the longevity of cotton, but the beauty of this fabric lies in its crisp look!

SATIN: Satin is basically a soft and lustrous fabric with lycra and stretch. Satin is shinny in appearance and are available in all dark and light colors. Satin sarees are quite popular for brides' wardrobe. For its shinny appearance they are also popular among its wearer at marriages, festivals, family functions and other occasions. Satin is definitely an evening wear with shinny and soft feel giving a slimming effect. It is a super smooth fabric which requires maintenance. Satin is moderately absorbent and holds body heat. Satin fabric dyes well but subject to atmospheric fading and tends to wrinkle. It resist stretching, shrinking and moths. These are luxurious fabrics with deep luster and excellent draping qualities. Satin accumulates static electricity. They are usually dry-cleaned. If washable, it can be done by hand. Soft iron is advisable. It usually has a lustrous surface and a dull back. Satin is also made in many colors, weights, varieties, qualities and degrees of stiffness.

GEORGETTE: Georgette is quite slippery in touch. The biggest advantage of georgette fabric is that they are durable and doesn't need much care. Georgette generally have dull crinkled surface. These are heavier than chiffon fabric. It is a matt finish fabric which gives a slimming effect and a very good fall. Georgette requires mild or no ironing. One could find ideally evening wear in this fabric. Georgette is basically a summer and sheer sensuous fabric which gives a wearer a younger look.

CREPE: Crepe is a type of woven and knitted fabric with a wrinkled surface. Satin crepe apparels have the shinning effect of satin and crepe effect and give a perfect fall. Silk crepe, chiffon crepe is also few subtypes of crepes popularly used in women outfits. The biggest advantage of crepe is that they are light and weightless. Crepe gives a wearer a slimming effect. With a shiny finish it falls really well. Crepe is good for all seasons and thus crepe dresses have been all time favourite. Crepe gives a very soft feel which requires mild or no ironing. It is a dressy fabric which is mostly used as a light occasion wear. With some embellishments it can prove to be an ideal evening wear. Crepe dresses are moderately absorbent and holds in the body heat. It tends to wrinkle. It's a luxurious fabric with deep luster and excellent draping qualities. It dyes well but subject to atmospheric fading. Crepe resists stretching, shrinking, moths and also accumulates static electricity. Usually crepe is dry cleaned. If washable, can be done by hand and a soft iron is required. Crepe has a crinkled, puckered surface or soft mossy finish. It comes in different weights and degrees of sheerness. It has very good wearing qualities.

FAUX: Faux is basically a very low-maintenance fabric where dry cleaning is not required for non-embellished fabrics. Faux fabrics are good for daily use. They are strong fabrics and can be washed at home. Faux fabrics are great work wear. These are both strain- and crush-resistant.

TISSUE: Tissue is basically a shinny crisp fabric with a rich look. It's not a very drapy fabric. With a metallic shine, tissue apparels forms a perfect evening wear. It is always advisable to get them washed from professional dry cleaners as normal hand washing can put crinkles in the tissue. These outfits are bit expensive and need good pampering. Soft iron is required. 

CHIFFON: Chiffon is soft sheer and has slightly rough feel. Chiffon couture is light weight, softer and thinner than georgette. They are quite popular among its wearer for its light weight and flows fits. Chiffon is quick at drying which gives slimming effect and a good fall but requires a lot of maintenance. Chiffon really proves to be a good evening wear making you look younger. Chiffon needs more care than other fabrics. Avoid pins with your chiffons. Never hang the chiffon dresses with heavy embroidery or borders as with the span of time the weight of zari can itself tear the dress. Chiffons should not be worn tightly as the cloth is very delicate. It wears very well.

VISCOSE: Viscose is actually a lower version of silk which is shiny in appearance. It's not for daily wear. Viscose fabric can't take abrasions. When embellished with different embroideries it proves to be a good evening wear.

SOFT CRUSH: Soft crush fabric is basically a blend of polyester. It is maintenance free where ironing is hardly required. It's a light weight fabric which proves to be a good day wear.

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